Western and Eastern Bulgarian Dialects
The study of phenomena pertaining to different language levels on Bulgarian linguistic territory has demonstrated that there are several types of dialect macro-divisions. Š”ŃŠ¾Š¹ŠŗŠ¾Š², Š”. 1993: 83ā87 The east-west division was the first to be recognized: having been noticed by the mid-nineteenth century, it is now universally acknowledged. It was initially believed that the contrasting continuants of Ń£ (jatā) were the only distinguishing marker between the eastern and the western part of the Bulgarian territory but research done by Š”ŃŠ¾Š¹ŠŗŠ¾Š², Š”. 1963/Š”ŃŠ¾Š¹ŠŗŠ¾Š², Š”. 2008: 170ā184; ŠŠ»Š°Š“ŠµŠ½Š¾Š², Š. Š”. 1973/ŠŠ»Š°Š“ŠµŠ½Š¾Š², Š. Š”. 2008: 104ā123 Stojkov and Mladenov showed that there is an entire bundle of isoglosses, of which the jatā isogloss is just one, that divides the eastern from the western Bulgarian dialects. Among them there are various linguistic phenomena ŠŠµŠ½ŃŠµŠ², Š”. 1968; NĆ©meth, J. 1956: 11 and some ethnographic boundaries. The major east-west isogloss of Balkan Turkish also runs in parallel with this bundle of isoglosses.
W Š¾ĢŠ½ // E ŃŠ¾ĢŠ¹ āheā
W Š¶ŠµĢŠ¶ŃŠŗ // E Š³Š¾ŃŠµĢŃŃ āhotā
W Š±ŃŠ°Š·Š“Š°Ģ // E Š±ŃŠ°Š·Š½Š°Ģ āfurrowā
W Š·Š°ŠŗŠ¾ŠæŠ°ĢŠ¹Š° // E Š·Š°ŃŠ¾ĢŠ²āŠ° pf. āI buryā
W Š¶ŠøĢŃ // E Š¶ŠµĢŠ»ŃŠ“ āacornā
Different opinions have been expressed regarding the chronology of the east-west division: that it is ŠŠ»Š°Š“ŠµŠ½Š¾Š², Š. Š”. 1973/ŠŠ»Š°Š“ŠµŠ½Š¾Š², Š. Š”. 2008: 120archaic, that it goes back to Š¦ŃŃ ŃŠ½, Š. 1999: 26genetic distinctions between the dialects of Slavic settlers in the Balkans, or that it is, on the contrary, Š”ŃŠ¾Š¹ŠŗŠ¾Š², Š”. 2008: 220; ŠŠ»Š°Š“ŠµŠ½Š¾Š²Š°, Š. 2001 more recent than the division northeast vs. west & south or ŠŠ»Š°Š“ŠµŠ½Š¾Š²Š°, Š. 2001 the division north vs. south .
The source of the above text is Mladenova, D. 2010: 182; which also details other macro-divisions of the Bulgarian language. For a survey of the western and the eastern Bulgarian dialects see Š”ŃŠ¾Š¹ŠŗŠ¾Š², Š”. 1993: 144ā145, 96ā100.
The Bulgarian macro-division relevant for the Transdanubian Corpus is the east-west division. Four western and three eastern Bulgarian dialects are represented in the Corpus. The abbreviations W for west, western and E for east, eastern are used whenever west Bulgarian phenomena are presented in opposition to their east Bulgarian correlates.
|Vidin-Lom dialect||Nikopol dialect|
|Cibrica-Ogosta dialect||Moesian dialect|
|Bjala-Slatina dialect||Pavlikjani dialect|
Vidin-Lom / Cibrica-Ogosta dialect
Cibrica-Ogosta / Bjala-Slatina dialect
Map No. 3. Types of Transdanubian dialects and their correlation with dialects on Bulgarian territory
For an overview of the Bulgarian Transdanubian dialects see Vrabie, E. 1963; Š”ŃŠ¾Š¹ŠŗŠ¾Š², Š”. 1993: 197ā198; ŠŠ»Š°Š“ŠµŠ½Š¾Š², Š. Š”. 1993; ŠŠ°Š»ŠŗŠ°Š½ŃŠŗŠø, Š¢. 2010 ā a review of the latter in ŠŠ»ŠµŠŗŃŠ¾Š²Š°, Š. 2012. Their importance for Slavic dialectology and Bulgarian historical linguistic geography is discussed in ŠŃŠ°Š±ŠøŠµ, Š. 1963; ŠŠ»Š°Š“ŠµŠ½Š¾Š²Š°, Š. 2001.